Another tactic some hospitals take is to monitor infection control through "mystery shoppers" who secretly note the behavior of employees.
The advantage of mystery shoppers, at least in the infection control world, is that they capture typical compliance rather than reactionary conduct, says Gayle Lovato, MS, RN, an infection preventionist at Inova Loudoun Hospital in Leesburg, VA.
For example, it's nearly impossible for infection control professionals to accurately observe hand hygiene practices during rounds. "People tend to run screaming to the closest sink when they see us," says Lovato, whose hospital uses mystery shoppers.
Medical centers can use secret shoppers to track a variety of infection control concerns, including steps to thwart urinary tract infections, proper use of gloves and masks, and observing isolation precautions.
Who you can recruit
Inova's mystery shopper program for hand hygiene uses infection control trainers to perform the surveillance. There is one trainer per unit, and he or she monitors staff compliance with hand hygiene regulations and then documents the findings on a standardized report form. Each trainer performs an average 10 observations a month, says Lovato.
To entice volunteers, Inova offers a step increase for secret shoppers. This gives staff members a small incremental pay increase, similar to what they would get for participating on a hospital committee, says Lovato.
Every month, Inova issues a report card that lists the compliance rates for each unit. "The observations are not scientific, they're random, but overall I think they give us a pretty good snapshot," says Lovato.
The hospital uses these hand hygiene figures to spot trends and see where problem areas exist. For example, if a particular unit has a high incidence of noncompliance, Lovato looks for opportunities to perform staff education or to improve systems issues, such as making alcohol-based hand sanitizer more readily available.
Widespread appeal to clandestine scrutiny
Mystery shopping has increased rapidly in hospitals in recent years, mainly from the perspective of sending in actual or stand-in patients to assess the quality of customer and clinical service in a medical facility.
Although many healthcare organizations are measuring patient satisfaction, their data don't always pinpoint the experiences behind the scores. Mystery shoppers fill in the fine details and help hospitals understand how patients feel about their experiences, apart from how they feel about their medical treatment.