Until 2007, nurses at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis relied on traditional shift change reporting methods to communicate patient care information from caregiver to caregiver. But when challenged by Riley’s leadership team to find ways to improve hospital documentation, the Clinical Practice Council began looking at a standardized approach to hospitalwide shift change reporting.
After a six-month pilot program, an educational video and PowerPoint® presentation, and another six-month training process, Riley implemented its hospitalwide nurse-to-nurse shift change report at the bedside with families.
Not only did leadership, the nursing staff, and physicians accept the process, but patients and families also became more involved and felt safer as a result.
Riley was recently recognized for its efforts by the National Patient Safety Foundation with the 2010 Socius Award, which symbolizes the relationship between healthcare providers and the patients and families they serve.
Developing a hospitalwide process
Melanie Cline, RN, MSN, clinical director at Riley, teamed up with a 30-person group of staff nurses, educators, the clinical nurse specialist, clinical managers, and the family-centered care coordinator to review current literature and best practices for shift report processes.
“Our highest priority was to include parents in the process as their involvement and input is critical to achieving the best outcomes for each child,” says Cline.
The old process consisted of the charge nurse gathering information from the nurses going off shift about 30 minutes before the change of shift. Another 30 minutes would pass while the charge nurse documented the information.
In addition to making sure the parents were included in the shift report, Cline also had to keep the staff’s best interests in mind. Nurses commonly complained that the handoff information they received could be 60?90 minutes old with the previous process. The staff nurses coming on shift would often find that their patient’s condition had changed by the time they got to the patient.
“When dealing with pediatrics, a child’s condition can change within a matter of minutes,” says Cline. “Getting to the patient sooner is better so potentially avoidable problems are picked up right away.”
Another factor that was vital to determining the components of the shift report was making sure the nurse going off shift and the nurse coming on shift could visualize the patient together, says Cline. This helped develop an understanding of how the patient was assessed on the previous shift.