The 20 states that are rejecting Medicaid expansion under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act are leaving billions of dollars in federal funds on the table, even as the taxpayers of those states pay for the expansion costs for states that accept the deal, a new study from the Commonwealth Fund shows.
"In states that don't expand their Medicaid programs the people in their state who are below 100% of poverty will not be eligible for new options for health insurance under the ACA," says Sara Collins, vice president, healthcare, at the Commonwealth Fund. "Taxpayers across the country are contributing to this program, but for the states that don't expand their programs it means that they are not getting those benefits that the residents in other states are getting. There is both a healthcare loss for individuals who aren't eligible for any of the new options under the law and there is a significant economic loss for states that don't move forward."
The study—How States Stand to Gain or Lose Federal Funds by Opting In or Out of the Medicaid Expansion—examines federal taxes paid by state residents. States with the highest net losses include Texas, which will see a net loss of $9.2 billion in 2022; Florida, which will lose $5 billion; Georgia, which will lose $2.9 billion, and Virginia, which will lose $2.8 billion.