"The probe and educate review will be beneficial to find out whether hospitals are complying," Bathija said. "It requires the MACs to be consistent. All of the MACs across the country will use the guidance from Jan. 30 to evaluate claims."
Under the rule, which CMS issued last year on Aug. 2, hospitals that admit patients for less than two nights will receive reimbursement at Medicare B outpatient rates. The rule states that hospital admissions shorter than two midnights in length are "generally inappropriate for payment under Medicare Part A, regardless of the hours the patient came to the hospital or whether the patient used a bed."
CMS made its case for the so-called "Two-Midnight" policy in a prepared statement released with the final rule on Aug. 2. "The rule improves value and quality in hospital care and provides clarification about when a patient should be admitted to the hospital and responds to recent concerns about extended Medicare beneficiary stays in the hospital outpatient department," CMS officials said.
"The rule also moves forward with health care delivery system reforms made possible by the Affordable Care Act. These include a new program aimed at improving safety in hospitals and refining the Hospital Readmissions Reduction program."