Many patients suffering from obesity also suffer from Type II diabetes. When these patients undergo bariatric surgery in order to maintain their obesity, many find that their diabetes resolves, even before any pounds are shed. While there are concerns about whether the surgery works long term, interest in a surgical route for Type II diabetes treatment is growing.
8.Supply Chain: MR-Compatible Pacemakers
The Medtronic Revo MRI SureScan was introduced as the first pacemaker that could be scanned in an MR study. While it was a medical breakthrough, it is also more expensive than a regular pacemaker. With 50-75% of patients with an implantable aortic device needing an MRI in their lifetime, however, the additional cost will be worth it to patients, ECRI suggests, and as the technology continues to grow, hospitals and health care organizations will grow with it.
9. Radiation Dose Safety
With growing talk about the concern of potential harm caused by CT radiation, manufacturers are looking to find new advancements in both CT dose reduction and CT dose monitoring. "Iterative reconstruction," a technique that reduces noise in the image when low radiation doses are used, helps improve image quality, while methods will need to be developed for physicians to monitor the radiation doses their patient receives.
10.Lung Cancer Screenings
Lung cancer has been a difficult diagnosis for physicians in its early stages, and since the disease is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the country, a screening process has been sought for many years. The National Lung Screening Trial had early success with some studies, showing a 20% lower mortality when using low dose CT screenings in high risk patients, compared with that of a screening with chest radiography. While these results have encouraged hospitals to start their own lung cancers screenings, many questions remain, including situations of false positives, quality of life, and cost effectiveness.