4. Specifies reasons for patient non-compliance
As providers are increasingly held accountable for patient outcomes, a huge concern is how to classify the patient who fails to follow a recommended regimen of care and gets sicker as a result.
Under the current code, there is only one code for such a patient. But in ICD-10, there are at least eight. For example, one of the eight codes indicates these variations:
5. Allows for detailed data on injuries, accidents
One of the most interesting quality improvement potentials of ICD-10 is what it reveals about injuries, such as where they occur, what part of the body was injured, and what implements were used, alerting providers to common dangers.
For example, there are nine codes to describe mishaps involving baby strollers, such as a fall or collision with a stationary object.
How specific? There's a code for an injury involving digging with a shovel. There are codes to identify injuries due to toxic effects from ingesting fiberglass, being injured by a lamppost, or being burned while on water skis.
And there are copious codes to identify injuries involving non-human animals, including 14 for mishaps involving a horse.