"Further attention to patient protection is also needed as evidenced by continued outbreaks in ambulatory settings resulting from unsafe injection practices" that have led to patient harm including:
Also detailed in the new guideline is a lengthy list of recommendations for proper environmental cleaning and disinfection.
"Emphasis for cleaning and disinfection should be placed on surfaces that are most likely to become contaminated with pathogens, including those in close proximity to the patient (e.g. bedrails) and frequently-touched surfaces in the patient-care environment (e.g. doorknobs)," the CDC said.
"Disinfectant products should not be used as cleaners unless the label indicates the product is suitable for such use."
The CDC recommends guidelines for cleaning medical equipment, such as endoscopes, which can lead to life-threatening infections if improperly decontaminated.