More realistically, her report estimates there are 187,000 hospital deaths a year. And other than the IoM report's estimate of one million injuries, in fact, the Milliman study says there are 6.1 medically-caused injuries inside and outside hospitals.
And another article, by John Goodman, chief executive officer of the National Center for Policy Analysis in Dallas, estimates enormous social costs– $393 billion to $958 billion per year due to adverse medical events.
A fourth article looked just at California acute care hospitals and estimated that 9,600 Californians die from hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)infections each year. Those infections add $3 billion to the state's healthcare costs annually. Although California now has a public reporting program geared to raising awareness and reducing such errors, many other states do not.
Indeed, hospital reporting in California is revealing the extent of the problem. A recent table prepared by the California Department of Public Health reveals an increase in reporting in each of the last three fiscal years in all categories of adverse events. For example, surgical events increased from 224 in FY 2007/08 to 273 in FY 2008/09 to 344 in FY 2009/10.
Care management events increased from 616 to 1023, but dropped slightly to 1,004. These include deaths or serious disabilities associated with a medication error, incompatible blood, labor and delivery, hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia in neonates, decubitus ulcers or spinal manipulation therapy. I hope they are not making more errors, but are in fact just reporting many that were silently hidden in the past.